Analog video tears, jitters, or displays horizontal lines or bars on the monitor screen?

Issue

The video waveform displays interference caused by electrical magnetic induction to the video spectrum.

Product Line

Pelco Cameras, Pelco Monitors, Pelco Video Management, Pelco Matrix

Environment

All products that utilize analog video waveforms.

Cause

Installation and Maintenance.

Resolution

Termination:

In video security systems, camera signals must travel from the camera to the monitor. The method of transmission is usually "coax" cable. Proper termination of cables is essential to a system's reliable performance.

Because the characteristic impedance of coax cable ranges from 72 to 75 ohms, it is necessary that the signal travels on a uniform path along any point in the system to prevent any picture distortion and to help ensure proper transfer of the signal from the camera to the monitor. The impedance of the cable must remain constant with a value of 75 ohms. To properly transfer power between two video devices with acceptable losses, the signal output from the camera must match the input impedance of the cable, which in turn must match the input impedance of the monitor. The end point of any video cable run must be terminated in 75 ohms. Usually, the cable run will end at the monitor, which will ensure that this requirement is met.

Usually the video input impedance of the monitor is controlled by a switch located near the looping video (input/output) connectors. This switch allows for either 75 ohm termination if the monitor is the "end point", or Hi-Z for looping to a second monitor. Check equipment specifications and instructions to determine the proper termination requirements. Failure to terminate signals properly usually results in a high contrast, slightly grainy picture. Ghosting and other signal imperfections also may be evident.

 

Ground Loops:

A ground loop is an electrical problem that happens when an AC current interferes with the ground reference level of the video signal. It occurs on the conductive path formed by the shield of the coaxial video cable and the chassis of the video equipment.

The electrical level of the shield is usually zero volts. When a ground loop is present, this level fluctuates above and below zero volts. The greater the difference, the more severe the video distortion or tearing. If the potential is too great, it can destroy the equipment.

The solution would be to install a ground loop isolation transformer (part number: GIT100).